Today’s world is full of trials. Our minds are exhausted by concerns about economic collapse, social unrest, military conflicts and environmental destruction. These days, I’m just thinking about survival and risk reduction. Can you come up with good ideas for growth and innovation in this situation? Is there still a next cycle for innovation and technology? After all, is technology really important? Will it solve the challenges that plague us all night?
Scott Anthony is the president of Innosight Inc. 1 and co-authored the book “Who’s Tomorrow: The Final Solution of Innovation” [translated by Kiichi Miyamoto, published by Random House Kodansha] with Clayton Christenson. At the Silver Lining2, a voice conference hosted by Harvard Business Publishing, Anthony talks about the importance of innovation and an interesting story about the companies that created innovative technology during times of economic downturn.
One example is that when John H. Patterson founded NCR in 1884, he commercialized a technology to solve calculation errors by retail store clerks (NCR now has annual sales of about 50). Has grown into a $ 100 million company). 1884 was a time when the US economy was stagnant due to a decline in European gold reserves. There is no doubt that the atmosphere of the times was to avoid risks and focus on survival. The cash register, commercialized by Patterson and his colleagues at that time, was a machine that showed that the importance of cash exchange in buying and selling could be improved by innovative methods and technologies.
Significance of the Technology-
This is the significance of technology. The word “Technology” includes two Greek words- “Techne” for arts, crafts and methods, and “Logos” for words, dialogue and knowledge. In other words, technology is related to how to do something better by explaining and substantiating knowledge. Modern technology is a set of means, something that helps execution-a means of explaining the best way to do something-and a process-knowledge-is a combination of tools and knowledge for the means.
Consider the role of technology in architecture. Centuries ago, Roman engineers realized that when building a dam, it could be augmented by stacking support walls that were orthogonal to the main structure. Around the same time Patterson began mass-producing cash registers, architects devised a steel frame.
Inventions were born one after another in the fields of architecture and construction, and new products were constantly introduced to improve the physical environment. Specifically, new types of lighting, building materials, building processes, vertical transportation systems, building envelopes (a mechanism that separates the outside and inside environments by the exterior structure of the building), heating and cooling, etc.
Technology isn’t just about the box of machines with power cords attached. It is a concept that includes ideas for responding to dynamically changing environments like living things, and means for dealing with the challenges at hand through knowledge and invention. Christopher Alexander and colleagues published “Pattern Language: Environmental Design Guide 3” and “The Road to Timeless Construction” [both translated by Hirata and published by Kajima Institute Publishing] in 1977 and 1979, respectively.
These two books defined the philosophy of certain technologies, the best practices of architectural and civil engineering design that take into account the interaction between the natural and artificial material world and humans.
History of Technology-
Wouldn’t it be intriguing? This approach in architecture has broadened the “pattern language”, a systematic method of practicing best practices within discipline, into a general concept.
The computer industry was obsessed with this concept, and software development evolved into an object-oriented model. This model packages the characteristics of a particular software component with the element itself. Nowadays, there are more books on pattern language themes related to software development than architecture!
Today, significant changes are occurring again in the design and construction of artificial environments. Traditional techniques such as handwriting and CAD drafting are being replaced by a technology called “BIM: Building Information Modeling”.
Designers can use BIM to create virtual models of their projects on their computers and present building components and related information on how they work in the real world in a single package. Will be. When you use BIM to add columns or windows to your design, a database of information is built.
The engineer can derive the most effective structure based on this. Mechanical engineering experts can think of air conditioning systems that require minimal energy. Contractors will be able to plan the most efficient construction with minimal cost and waste. These are important elements of sustainable construction.
Technology has always contributed to the expansion of the capabilities of individuals, groups and communities and the widespread progress of society. The design intent of Patterson’s early commercial cash registers was to allow retail clerk to calculate change accurately and to give management a better understanding of their business.
Thanks to the dam’s support walls, steel frames and pattern language, the artificial environment has reached new heights and added depth to people’s experiences.
Why is technology important? That’s because technology, as a loyal servant of society, helps us achieve our goals of addressing global issues such as climate variability, providing food, housing and work to the ever-growing world population.
Technology is the creative method and knowledge itself, which in turn gives us a truly innovative perspective. And it’s important because it’s what we need to solve the social, economic, and environmental challenges we’re involved in. Only then can we be free from worry and get a good night’s sleep.